Tag Archives: cosmetic dentistry

Causes of Bad Breath You Didn’t Know About

We all suffer from bad breath at one time or another. Whether it is a side-effect of waking up in the morning or a consequence of eating a meal containing garlic and onions, there are various causes of bad breath. Overlooking regular brushing and flossing are common reasons why someone may have halitosis, but there are other reasons people can develop bad breath that may come as a surprise.

1. Diet

High-protein, low-carb diets work in two ways to cause bad breath. Taking food that is high in protein results in large quantities of amino acids, which feed on bacteria and smell unpleasant. Low-carb diets make your body burn more fat, resulting in the development of ketones, which make your breath smell bad.

2. Medications

Over-the-counter drugs, such as aspirin, reduce the amount of saliva in the mouth. This leaves the mouth dry and creates a thriving environment for bacteria to multiply, which will end up causing bad breath.

3. Infection

Illnesses such as diabetes, kidney failure, and gastro esophageal reflux disease can cause an increase in the amount of bacteria in your mouth, which causes foul smells to be released. Tooth and gum infections can cause tissue in your mouth to break down, making it more susceptible to become dry and contain more bacteria.

4. Alcohol

Alcohol normally dehydrates the body. In turn, it dries out the mouth by slowing saliva production and increasing bacteria that creates bad breath. Drinking alcohol also interferes with the digestive system and esophagus, causing the smell of stomach acid to rise to your mouth leading to bad breath.

5. Smoking

Smoking is another likely cause of bad breath. Tobacco products cause unpleasant mouth odor and the users are more likely to get gum diseases which cause bad breath.

How To Get Rid of Bad Breath

By including a few simple habits in your routine, you can drastically reduce your chances for developing bad breath and chronic halitosis.

  • Brush your teeth daily.
  • Drink more water.
  • Treat gum disease and cavities as soon as they are noticed.
  • Visit your dentist regularly for professional teeth cleaning.

To schedule your consultation with Dr. Manfredi, call us today at (347) 318-5514. At Artista Dental Studio, we will work with you to get rid of the issue that is causing your bad breath.





There are many dental issues that may affect you. A current survey by The Health Policy Institute, a research department of the American Dental Association, discovered that the 3 leading dental health problems facing Americans today are dry mouth, difficulty biting and chewing, and pain.


From the 15,000 study respondents throughout all states, the leading issue was found to be dry mouth (also known as xerostomia), with 33 percent experiencing it either periodically or often. Dry mouth may be a result of certain drugs and some conditions. Having dry mouth occasionally is not an issue, yet chronic dry mouth can cause tooth decay.
Drinking a lot of water is usually the first simple way to solve the problem, however, if that does not help, talk to your doctor concerning alternatives for your medicines or a possible solution to your chronic dry mouth.


The second most common dental health issue is trouble chewing and eating, experienced by 31 percent of those surveyed during the research. Surprisingly, this problem was more common among youthful people as well as those with lower incomes. It can be caused by other oral concerns, such as crooked, split, loose, or decayed teeth.
Prevention includes routine oral health practices, such as brushing your teeth two times a day, flossing, and also maintaining your bi-annual oral cleaning appointments. Some individuals still experience these issues even when they take precautions. Dr. Manfredi can remedy the damages with a variety of oral treatments, such as use of Invisalign ®, porcelain veneers, and oral bonding.


The 3rd biggest oral-health issue was pain as a whole, experienced by 29 percent of the people in the research. Considering that any type of pain in the mouth can be due to several reasons and also have many solutions, it is always best to book an appointment with Dr. Manfredi for prevention guidance and treatment. Ignoring the discomfort or masking it with painkillers will certainly not address the underlying issue and could worsen it. The best approach is to always consult with your dentist as soon as possible if you are experience tooth pain.

Dr. Manfredi is the leading Gramercy Park Dentist and can help with any of the above issues and more. Don’t put off taking care of your mouth as it affects the rest of your body. Call (212) 995-8930 today to make an appointment and get your mouth healthy!

What Are The Effects Of Sugar On Your Teeth?

Birthdays are a day to celebrate and most of us do that by enjoying different types of  candy and chocolate. But unfortunately these sweets are made with a lot of sugar which may damage our teeth. There is a maximum amount of sugar that is recommended to eat each day and going above this limit may cause teeth decay and gum diseases. Here is a table showing some of the sugar levels of the most common candies consumed during Halloween:
Candy Serving                                       Grams of sugar           Calories

  • Snickers 1 Fun Size                            8.5                               80
  • Nerds 1 Fun Size box                         12                                50
  • Tootsie Roll 1 Piece                           1.5                             10.8
  • Life Savers 4 pieces                            12                                60
  • M&Ms 1 Fun Size bag                           9                                 70
  • Reese’s 1 peanut butter cup         10.5                            105

The maximum limits for sugar intake in one day according to the American Heart Association are:
– Men: 150 calories per day (37.5 grams or 9 teaspoons).
– Women: 100 Calories per day (25 grams or 6 teaspoons).

According to this information, dads can then have a little bit more of the candies than moms.

How Sugar Affects Our Teeth

Our mouth has both essential and harmful bacteria. An acid is formed by the bacteria when our mouth becomes sugary and this acid starts to destroy the enamel of the tooth. Most tooth decay starts this way and sometimes the gums start to be affected by the acid leading to different gum diseases.

How Can You Prevent Gum Disease In Your Family?

1. Educate Your Family
The first thing to do is educate your whole family on the effects on your teeth of consuming a lot of sweets and high sugar candies. After that, let them know in advance that they will be required to exercise good dental hygiene and preventative maintenance celebration days such as birthdays and family get together come around.  Sometimes it’s too hard to say “No” to all the goodies, but moderation is candy consumption is the key.

2. Eating Alternatives to Candy
Instead of eating sugary sweets during such days, you can introduce the sugar-free options such as trail mix. Alternatively, the kids can be gifted with toys and other presents. The health of their teeth should always come first and you can try out different alternatives they might love instead of candy.

3. Clean Your Teeth
The best option of preventing tooth decay after eating too much candy has always been to brush your teeth immediately after eating. This will prevent the acid from being formed in the first place. If you can’t brush your teeth, rinsing your mouth thoroughly using enough water or a mouth rinse will remove any sugar from your mouth. And don’t forget to floss!

You can always contact Artista Dental Studio if you suspect any problems or oral concerns that you might have. Dr. Joseph Manfredi is available to offer a dental consultation for any cavities that might be noticeable as well as to offer you the best dental solutions for good oral hygiene and proper dental care. Give our office a call today!

The Ten Best Electronic Toothbrushes 

There is nothing like having that satisfying feeling that our teeth are always clean. This does not happen as a surprise to us; rather we earn it after using the right toothbrush. It is known that we are supposed to brush our teeth for two minutes twice a day. We only wished that the commandment accompanied a list of best toothbrushes to use. If you have ever used an electronic toothbrush before, you are going to feel the change while using these ten best electronic toothbrushes. Remember when it comes to brushing your teeth, nothing is best unless it brings comfort and cleanness of your teeth.  


  1. Philips Diamond Clean Smart Sonic

If you are the type who likes high-tech products, then this is a brush for you. It uses sensors to detect over brushing, and it can track your brushing location. Of course, with the technology, this brush leaves your teeth very clean. 


  1. Oral B Genius

 The unique thing about this brush is that it has a setting for sensitive teeth or gum. You do not have to worry about the speed of the machine. It leaves your teeth smooth and clean.  


  1. Philips SonicareFlexcare

This is another product of Philips, which is light in weight, hence, you can hold it comfortably. It makes your teeth sparkling. You probably can’t wait to smile after using this type of brush.  


  1. SonicareDiamondclean

This is a slim toothbrush that is lightweight, which make it comfortable to hold while brushing. It has ceramic finishing, making it super clean and appealing. Of course, appearance of the brush matters. 


  1. BruzzoniBlack Wall Street 

This brush has amazing stylish design and has a powerful brushing head to give the best experience. It can be charged by using either USB or plug in.  


  1. Foreo Issa Hybrid  

It is a long plastic electronic toothbrush made of silicon and thermoplastic. It also is made of very soft bristles to suit those with sensitive gums.  

  1. Panasonic Sonic Vibration EW-DE92 Ionic

It is the type of a brush, which delivers thorough cleanliness with it oscillating-rotating brushes. The good thing with this brush is that its battery can last for a long time.  


  1. Whitewash Laboratories Rotating Power

Those of us who have a habit of over brushing, this brush is for you. It has a timer, which allows you to brush for two minutes. It also has adjustments, which are suited for both normal and sensitive teeth. 


  1. Superdrug Advanced Clean

This is another rotating-oscillating brush, which leaves both your teeth and gum super clean. It has a timer to remind you when your two minutes brushing time is over. 

  1. Colgate ProClinical 250+

It is a powerful electronic brush, it is small, making it convenient to carry. It is also suitable for those of us who like travelling. It prevents plaque more than the manual brush. This brush is set to only one speed.  

These are the ten best electronic brushes that Artista Dental recommends for you. More than likely, you are now going to make your choice on the next brush for your brushing experience. Everyone has something to consider, and the choices above have unique features for you. This feature may be comfort while brushing, weight or even battery life.

Risks You Need to Know About DIY Teeth Whitening. 

Multiple factors contribute to the yellowing and discoloration of teeth. Tobacco use, food, drinks and advanced age each play a supporting role in the development of discoloration. Many people wonder how to whiten teeth to achieve a brighter and more brilliant smile. Surface stains are easier to control, and deep stains may need the assistance of a dentist. Teeth whitening is necessary because tiny cracks and fissures are formed in the teeth enamel layer after years of non-stop chewing and meshing of our teeth. When tiny food particles seep into these fissures and reach the underlying dentin layer, the teeth surface will look yellowed and dull to the naked eye.

Teeth whitening is not an invasive procedure, but it does present some risks, especially if you don’t take extra care before undergoing the treatment. The two common risks associated with whitening procedures are irritation of your gums, and the increased sensitivity of your teeth. These side effects are temporary; however, they should not exist in about a couple of days after completing the treatment.  

Sensitive Gums.

Your gums can usually be irritated with a DIY bleaching procedure using a mass-produced dental tray. Since the tray isn’t customized, it’s typically ill-fitting. Together with the bleaching agent, it has a significant potential to cause gum irritation.

Sensitive Teeth.

On the other hand, your teeth can have increased sensitivity due to the bleaching agent itself. This problem occurs especially if you have concerns like chipped or cracked teeth and receding gums. Whitening products with high peroxide concentration further promote this risk.

The Burning Feeling.

The DIY agent used during teeth whitening can often cause discomfort. The combinations used are probably more uncomfortable than painful.

When brushing your teeth, use the type of toothpaste that’s specially made for sensitive teeth. Its potassium nitrate content relieves any discomfort caused by the sensitivity. You can be directed to your dentist if any medication or product can be prescribed. So, whitening your teeth at home is possible and, at the same time, avoid teeth sensitivity or gum irritation. 

This is why it would be best to have your teeth whitening treatment done by a dentist who will thoroughly examine the condition of your teeth before performing any bleaching procedure. An in-office treatment done by a dentist will also use customized trays that will accurately fit your mouth and teeth. A whitening expert would also be able to give your teeth uniform shades. If you do the bleaching on your own, you might have a hard time doing this. Performing DIY bleaching on your teeth usually result in varying levels of whiteness since the trays don’t precisely fit, and applying the right amount of bleaching gel on your teeth would be hard. 

So, if you have some teeth discoloration problem, it would be best to consider consulting your dentist first before you buy any whitening gel or do any bleaching procedure on your teeth. DIY teeth whitening can be right, but it is good to know and understand its side effect. This will enable you to make another choice for your teeth whitening if it has few side effects compared to DIY teeth whitening. 


Good Teeth Brushing Techniques

Even though people do brush their teeth, most of them do it the wrong way. Consequently, they end up suffering from preventable dental conditions despite the frequent tooth brushing. Fortunately, by knowing how to brush your teeth correctly, you can restore that sparkling healthy smile.  

The following are some of the excellent brushing techniques that we at Artista Dental encourage our clients to use.  

i. Horizontal Scrub / Reciprocating Motion Method 
ii. Vibratory motion technique 
iii. Rotary Brushing Technique 
iv. Roll Stroke brushing Technique  

Let us examine each of these techniques in detail 

1. Horizontal Scrub Motion  

It is perhaps the most common teeth cleaning technique. In this method, you place the brush on either the right or left side of your teeth and gently move the bristles horizontally. That is, back and forth along the dentition line and posterior region. 


  1. Vibratory Motion Techniques

Under the vibratory motion techniques, we have several teeth brushing methods such as the Bass Method, Stillman Brushing Technique, Charter’s brushing technique, and the Modified Bass or the Modified Charter Method.  

  • Bass / Sulcular Brushing Method

It is a useful teeth brushing technique in which you place the bristles directly apically at a 45-degree angle to your tooth surface. However, if positioning the brush at 45 degrees is daunting, you can also set the brush parallel to the teeth’s surface. You should then gently press the bristles to enable them to penetrate the gumline, and then vibrate your brush back and forth using short strokes (about 10 -15) for each position, before moving to the next tooth.  

  • Stillman’sBrushing Technique 

In Stillman’s Brushing method, you position the brush directly apically at 45-degree angle just as in the Bass brushing technique. The only difference is in the occlusal brush movement where you gently move the brush horizontally using short back and forth strokes. The brush bristles should move partially over the cervical section of the tooth and partly on the adjacent gingival.  

  • Charter Brushing Technique

This tooth brushing technique is ideal in instances where there is an appliance in the oral cavity. Cosmetic dentists prefer this technique as it is highly useful for cleaning interproximal areas between your teeth. Here, you position the brush bristles towards the teeth crown or occlusal. The bristles sides should also be at a 45-degree angle to the long axis of your tooth. You should then use short back and forth vibratory motions to brush.  

  • Modified bass / Modified Charter Method

As the name implies, this technique is a modification of the above three tooth brushing techniques, namely Bass, Stillman, and Charter. To use this technique, you just follow the three procedures above and at the end of each method, roll your brush towards the crown or your teeth’s occlusal surface. 


  1. Rotary Brushing Technique

A favorite brushing technique by dentists is the Fones Method.  

  • FonesBrushing Technique 

It is arguably one of the most straightforward tooth brushing technique and is ideal for kids. Here you place your brush bristles on a set of teeth and then activate the bristles by gently pressing the brush against the teeth. Do it four to five times on each teeth set before moving on to the next set.  

  1. Roll stroke brushing technique:

This method cleans both the tooth surface and interproximal area in a single stroke. Here, you point the brush bristles apically towards the root, move it to the gingival margin and then give the roll brush the occlusal cleaning stroke.