Good Teeth Brushing Techniques

Even though people do brush their teeth, most of them do it the wrong way. Consequently, they end up suffering from preventable dental conditions despite the frequent tooth brushing. Fortunately, by knowing how to brush your teeth correctly, you can restore that sparkling healthy smile.  

The following are some of the excellent brushing techniques that we at Artista Dental encourage our clients to use.  

i. Horizontal Scrub / Reciprocating Motion Method 
ii. Vibratory motion technique 
iii. Rotary Brushing Technique 
iv. Roll Stroke brushing Technique  

Let us examine each of these techniques in detail 

1. Horizontal Scrub Motion  

It is perhaps the most common teeth cleaning technique. In this method, you place the brush on either the right or left side of your teeth and gently move the bristles horizontally. That is, back and forth along the dentition line and posterior region. 


  1. Vibratory Motion Techniques

Under the vibratory motion techniques, we have several teeth brushing methods such as the Bass Method, Stillman Brushing Technique, Charter’s brushing technique, and the Modified Bass or the Modified Charter Method.  

  • Bass / Sulcular Brushing Method

It is a useful teeth brushing technique in which you place the bristles directly apically at a 45-degree angle to your tooth surface. However, if positioning the brush at 45 degrees is daunting, you can also set the brush parallel to the teeth’s surface. You should then gently press the bristles to enable them to penetrate the gumline, and then vibrate your brush back and forth using short strokes (about 10 -15) for each position, before moving to the next tooth.  

  • Stillman’sBrushing Technique 

In Stillman’s Brushing method, you position the brush directly apically at 45-degree angle just as in the Bass brushing technique. The only difference is in the occlusal brush movement where you gently move the brush horizontally using short back and forth strokes. The brush bristles should move partially over the cervical section of the tooth and partly on the adjacent gingival.  

  • Charter Brushing Technique

This tooth brushing technique is ideal in instances where there is an appliance in the oral cavity. Cosmetic dentists prefer this technique as it is highly useful for cleaning interproximal areas between your teeth. Here, you position the brush bristles towards the teeth crown or occlusal. The bristles sides should also be at a 45-degree angle to the long axis of your tooth. You should then use short back and forth vibratory motions to brush.  

  • Modified bass / Modified Charter Method

As the name implies, this technique is a modification of the above three tooth brushing techniques, namely Bass, Stillman, and Charter. To use this technique, you just follow the three procedures above and at the end of each method, roll your brush towards the crown or your teeth’s occlusal surface. 


  1. Rotary Brushing Technique

A favorite brushing technique by dentists is the Fones Method.  

  • FonesBrushing Technique 

It is arguably one of the most straightforward tooth brushing technique and is ideal for kids. Here you place your brush bristles on a set of teeth and then activate the bristles by gently pressing the brush against the teeth. Do it four to five times on each teeth set before moving on to the next set.  

  1. Roll stroke brushing technique:

This method cleans both the tooth surface and interproximal area in a single stroke. Here, you point the brush bristles apically towards the root, move it to the gingival margin and then give the roll brush the occlusal cleaning stroke.